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Excavations at the Salt Tower, Tower of London, 1976

Geoffrey Parnell

A small-scale excavation west of the Salt Tower, some 45m east of (outside) the Roman city defences, revealed that the area had been subjected to river action during the early Roman period. At some subsequent stage the ground level had been raised, perhaps as part of a terracing operation. A second and more substantial heightening of the ground surface was carried out during the late 4th century. The c 1240 foundations of Henry III’s curtain wall were located, but nothing remained of the upstanding masonry. Sixteenth and 17th-century deposits associated with the palace ‘Privy Garden’ were also recorded.

[Transactions, pp 95 – 106; published abstract, slightly modified]

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